1 edition of Defense Mechanisms found in the catalog.
|Statement||Phosphene Publishing Company|
|Publishers||Phosphene Publishing Company|
|LC Classifications||Nov 03, 2016|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvi, 105 p. :|
|Number of Pages||77|
nodata File Size: 4MB.
Whether we experienced neglect, rejection, intrusion, or anger directed toward us, we all made adaptations to handle unfavorable circumstances in our childhood. Ego: the moderator between the id and superego which seeks compromises to pacify both. Hypochondriasis: An excessive preoccupation or worry about having a serious illness.
Level I - pathological defenses i. Displacement: Defense mechanism that shifts sexual or Defense Mechanisms impulses to a more acceptable or less threatening target; redirecting emotion to a safer outlet; separation of emotion from its real object and redirection of the intense emotion toward someone or something that is less offensive or threatening in order to avoid dealing directly with what is frightening or threatening.
Shulamith Kreitler, in2004 Effects of DMs on Disease Course DMs appear to be not merely correlates of the Defense Mechanisms but may also play a role in regard to the course of disease and prognosis. Vaillant's categorization of defense mechanisms Level 1 - Pathological The mechanisms on this level, when predominating, almost always are severely pathological. Beutel 1988 has proposed additional criteria of defenses that could be incorporated into future process and outcome studies.
When a person acts out, it can act as a pressure release, and often helps the individual feel calmer and peaceful once again. Identification: The unconscious modeling of one's self upon another person's character and behavior. Intellectualization When a person intellectualizes, they shut down all of their emotions and approach a situation solely from a rational standpoint — especially when the expression of emotions would be appropriate.
This classification is largely based on Vaillant's hierarchical view of defenses, but has some modifications. Ignoring the beliefs and directives of our inner critic would mean challenging our sense of identity and giving up the very defense mechanisms that uphold our destructive ideas about ourselves. underlying mechanisms, similarities or connections with personality Defense Mechanisms been attempted.
The well known case of the wife beaten by the husband who refuses to recognize she is beaten. Instead of addressing their relationship struggles, each person changes the subject of conversation every time it comes up. Their capacity for offering and accepting love is impaired, and they tend to limit personal transactions of both giving and receiving.
A student rationalizes cheating on a test by saying the test was too demanding anyway.
Reversal Reversal, essentially, consists in transforming what is passive into active; an individual who feels that she is the passive object of a painful situation can reverse it and become the active agent of that same situation.
This is often the case with people who experience an avoidant attachment.